Ashikaga H and James RG. Inter-scale information flow as a surrogate for downward causation that maintains spiral waves. Chaos. In Press.
Another paper to demonstrate theoretically that the rotors are not causally responsible for the spiral waves. In this paper we borrowed ideas from complexity science to quantify information flow between micro- and macro-scale behaviors of the cardiac system. We thank the reviewers and the editor for taking the time and effort to review and accept this interdisciplinary work.